all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Dedicated exclusively to field herping.

Moderator: Scott Waters

Post Reply
User avatar
Jeroen Speybroeck
Posts: 825
Joined: June 29th, 2011, 12:56 am
Location: Belgium
Contact:

all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by Jeroen Speybroeck » August 22nd, 2014, 3:30 am

These I did already.

A first short selection of Europe's finest
http://www.fieldherpforum.com/forum/vie ... f=2&t=9402
All European vipers
http://www.fieldherpforum.com/forum/vie ... f=2&t=9418
Salamandra species and subspecies
http://www.fieldherpforum.com/forum/vie ... f=2&t=9660
All European non-viper snakes
http://www.fieldherpforum.com/forum/vie ... f=2&t=9715


Now here's an overview of the entire European amphibian fauna, as seen by me, to complement my earlier posts.
Former Soviet states excluded, as well as a number of Asian and African islands politically belonging to European countries.

Urodela - salamanders and newts

SALAMANDRIDAE

Image
Fire Salamander - Salamandra salamandra (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Corsican Fire Salamander - Salamandra corsica (Vizzavona, Corsica, May 2009)

Image
Alpine Salamander - Salamandra atra (Bex, Switzerland, July 2006)

Image
Lanza’s Alpine Salamander - Salamandra lanzai (Cottian Alps, Italy, July 2006)

Image
Southern Spectacled Salamander - Salamandrina terdigitata (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Image
Northern Spectacled Salamander - Salamandrina perspicillata (Liguria, Italy, November 2013)

Image
Helversen’s or Karpathos Salamander - Lyciasalamandra helverseni (Karpathos, Greece, December 2005)

Image
Golden-striped Salamander - Chioglossa lusitanica (Serra da Estrela, Portugal, September 2005)

Image
Sharp-ribbed Newt - Pleurodeles waltl (Algarve, Portugal, December 2010)

Image
Pyrenean Brook Newt - Calotriton asper (PN Ordesa, Spain, July 2004)

Image
Montseny Brook Newt - Calotriton arnoldi (Montseny, Spain, July 2007)

Image
Corsican Brook Newt - Euproctus montanus (Forêt de Valdiniellu, Corsica, May 2009)

Image
Sardinian Brook Newt - Euproctus platycephalus (Monte Limbara, Sardinia, May 2009)

Image
Common Newt - Lissotriton (vulgaris) graecus (Buljarica, Montenegro, April 2008)

Image
Palmate Newt - Lissotriton helveticus (Dilsen-Stokkem, Belgium, March 2007)

Image
Italian Newt - Lissotriton italicus (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Image
Iberian Newt - Lissotriton boscai (Algarve, Portugal, September 2010)

Image
Montandon’s Newt - Lissotriton montandoni (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Alpine Newt - Ichthyosaura alpestris (Pindos mnts., Greece, May 2013)

Image
Great Crested Newt - Triturus cristatus (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Italian Crested Newt - Triturus carnifex (PN Pollino, Italy, March 2005)

Image
Macedonian Crested Newt - Triturus macedonicus (Prespa Lakes, Greece, May 2004)

Image
Danube Crested Newt - Triturus dobrogicus (Danube delta, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Balkan Crested Newt - Triturus (karelinii) arntzeni (Evros prefecture, Greece, May 2013)

Image
Marbled Newt - Triturus marmoratus (Serra da Estrela, Portugal, September 2005)

Image
Southern Marbled Newt - Triturus pygmaeus (Loja, Andalucia, April 2006)

PLETHODONTIDAE

Image
Strinati’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes strinatii (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Image
Ambrosi’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes ambrosii (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Image
Italian Cave Salamander - Speleomantes italicus (Farindola, Italy, April 2005)

Image
Monte Albo Cave Salamander - Speleomantes flavus (Siniscola, Sardinia, February 2009)

Image
Sopramontane Cave Salamander - Speleomantes supramontis (Sopramonte di Oliena, Sardinia, February 2009)

Image
Scented Cave Salamander - Speleomantes imperialis (Quirra, Sardinia, March 2009)

Image
Sette Fratelli Cave Salamander - Speleomantes sarrabusensis (Burcei, Sardinia, March 2009)

Image
Gené’s Cave Salamander - Speleomantes genei - (sub)sp. B (Barbusi, Sardinia, February 2009)

PROTEIDAE

Image
Olm - Proteus anguinus (Slovenia, July 2010)

Anura - frogs and toads

PIPIDAE

Image
African Clawed Toad - Xenopus laevis (Cersay, France, July 2007)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

ALYTIDAE

Image
Common Midwife Toad - Alytes obstetricans (Serra da Estrela, Portugal, September 2005)

Image
Iberian Midwife Toad - Alytes cisternasii (Andalucia, Spain, April 2006)

Image
Southern Midwife Toad - Alytes dickhilleni (Sierra de Cazorla, Spain, April 2006)

Image
Majorcan Midwife Toad - Alytes muletensis (Majorca, Spain, July 2005)

Image
Iberian Painted Frog - Discoglossus galganoi (Galicia, Spain, May 2012)

Image
Tyrrhenian Painted Frog - Discoglossus sardus (Eastern Sardinia, Italy, March 2009)

Image
Corsican Painted Frog - Discoglossus montalentii (Ospédale, Corsica, April 2011)

Image
Painted Frog - Discoglossus pictus (Monte Pellegrino, Sicily, March 2005)

BOMBINATORIDAE

Image
Fire-bellied Toad - Bombina bombina (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)

Image
Yellow-bellied Toad - Bombina variegata (N Greece, May 2013)

PELOBATIDAE

Image
Common Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates fuscus (Danube river delta, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Western Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates cultripes (PN Doñana, Spain, April 2006)

Image
Eastern Spadefoot Toad - Pelobates syriacus (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

PELODYTIDAE

Image
Parsley Frog - Pelodytes punctatus (Murcia, Spain, April 2006)

Image
Iberian Parsley Frog - Pelodytes ibericus (Càdiz, Spain, April 2006)

BUFONIDAE

Image
Common Toad - Bufo bufo (Càdiz, Spain, April 2006)

Image
Natterjack (Toad) - Bufo calamita (Extremadura, Spain, October 2005)

Image
Green Toad - Bufo (viridis) balearicus (Sardinia, March 2009)

Image
(most likely) African Green Toad - Bufo (boulengeri) siculus (Sicily, May 2010)

HYLIDAE

Image
Common Tree Frog - Hyla arborea (Skadar Lake, Montenegro, May 2008)

Image
Iberian Tree Frog - Hyla molleri (Burgos province, Spain, April 2012)

Image
Eastern Tree Frog - Hyla orientalis (Piatra Neamt, Romania, May 2007)

Image
Italian Tree Frog - Hyla intermedia (Gallitello, Sicily, April 2005)

Image
Tyrrhenian Tree Frog - Hyla sarda (near Lula, Sardinia, May 2009)

Image
Stripeless Tree Frog - Hyla meridionalis (PN Aiguamolls de l'Emporda, Spain, July 2004)
possibly only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

RANIDAE

Image
Common Frog - Rana temporaria (Biogradska Gora, Montenegro, May 2008)

Image
Pyrenean Stream Frog - Rana pyrenaica (France, August 2010)

Image
Moor Frog - Rana arvalis (Romania, May 2007)

Image
Agile Frog - Rana dalmatina (Evros, Greece, May 2004)

Image
Italian Agile Frog - Rana latastei (near Torino, Italy, July 2006)

Image
Iberian Stream Frog - Rana iberica (Sierra de Gredos, Spain, September 2005)

Image
Italian Stream Frog - Rana italica (Liguria, Italy, July 2007)

Image
Balkan Stream Frog - Rana graeca (Peloponnese, October 2006)

Image
Pool Frog - Pelophylax lessonae (Rommedenne, Belgium 2007)

Image
Edible Frog - Pelophylax kl. esculentus (Lovendegem, Belgium 2007)

Image
Marsh Frog - Pelophylax ridibundus (Black Sea coast, Bulgaria, May 2005)

Image
Iberian Water Frog - Pelophylax perezi (Majorca, Spain, July 2005)

Image
Graf’s Hybrid Frog - Pelophylax kl. grafi (Lac du Salagou, France, July 2004)

Image
Albanian Pool Frog - Pelophylax shqipericus (Sasko Jezero, Montenegro, April 2008)

Image
Epirus Water Frog - Pelophylax epeiroticus (Kaiafa Lake, Peloponnese, October 2006)

Image
Cretan Water Frog - Pelophylax cretensis (Kourna Lake, Crete, Greece, June 2009)[/b]

Image
Levant Water Frog - Pelophylax bedriagae (Gozo, Malta, April 2007)

Image
American Bull Frog - Lithobates catesbeianus (Agia dam, Crete, Greece, June 2009)
only present within Europe as allochthonous, introduced species

User avatar
justinm
Posts: 3430
Joined: June 7th, 2010, 4:26 am
Location: Illinois
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by justinm » August 22nd, 2014, 5:04 am

I can't help but be amazed at the convergence I'm seeing between old world and new world species. I had no idea that there were European spadefoot toads. Do you know the phylogeny? Did the two develop independently? You're certainly putting together some of the most memorable and impressive posts I've seen on here. Thank you for sharing your work.

User avatar
Jeroen Speybroeck
Posts: 825
Joined: June 29th, 2011, 12:56 am
Location: Belgium
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by Jeroen Speybroeck » August 22nd, 2014, 6:09 am

Thanks, Justin.

While formerly treated in a single family, both spadefoot families are apparently not each other's direct sister taxa. The American Scaphiopodidae would appear to be the sister taxon of a group comprising three Old World families: Pelodytidae + (Pelobatidae + Megophryidae).
[Pelodytidae = parsley frogs like I showed here; Pelobatidae = Old World spadefoots; Megophryidae = Asia, a.o. the horned toads from Borneo etc.]

See e.g. Fig. 18 on page 46 =>
http://www.uta.edu/biology/mexicoherps/ ... 202006.pdf

pops
Posts: 94
Joined: July 15th, 2010, 9:39 am

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by pops » August 22nd, 2014, 7:31 am

Wow! Very interesting, Thx much for posting this. I've got to get over there to see some of those salamanders in person!- Dave

User avatar
cbernz
Posts: 547
Joined: March 16th, 2011, 11:28 am
Location: New Jersey
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by cbernz » August 22nd, 2014, 3:39 pm

Wow. America has some amazing salamanders, but your newts kick our newts' asses all over the place! The Alpine Newt alone would be worth the trip for me, as would the Marbled Newt. Are you available as a tour guide? I might look you up someday.

User avatar
Jeroen Speybroeck
Posts: 825
Joined: June 29th, 2011, 12:56 am
Location: Belgium
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by Jeroen Speybroeck » August 22nd, 2014, 5:29 pm

cbernz wrote:Wow. America has some amazing salamanders, but your newts kick our newts' asses all over the place! The Alpine Newt alone would be worth the trip for me, as would the Marbled Newt. Are you available as a tour guide? I might look you up someday.
Thanks. You're welcome as long as you leave them where they are ;) . There's quite some distance to be traveled to find these, though. Marbled newt takes 5-6hrs from my home, while Alpine newt lives even in my ugly urban garden.

User avatar
incuhead2000
Posts: 670
Joined: November 16th, 2010, 11:04 am
Location: Germantown, Maryland
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by incuhead2000 » August 22nd, 2014, 6:02 pm

Now that was an epic and amazing post, thank you for sharing all these it made my night!

I vouch for Cliff (cbernz) as he was an excellent tour guide for me and several others on the forum!

User avatar
orionmystery
Posts: 659
Joined: December 26th, 2012, 11:48 pm
Location: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Contact:

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by orionmystery » August 23rd, 2014, 12:50 am

Great set! Love those salamanders and newts! Shame we don't have them here :(

User avatar
Paul Freed
Posts: 112
Joined: November 10th, 2013, 12:14 pm
Location: Pacific Northwest (Oregon) U.S.

Re: all amphibian species of Europe – an overview

Post by Paul Freed » August 23rd, 2014, 7:50 am

That was an amazing post! I can only imagine how long it took you to photograph all those species. The Olm was spectacular and worth a visit just to see it. I agree with Cliff, you should be a guide and take folks out to see some of those stunning amphibians. Kudos on a fantastic and comprehensive post!
-Paul

Post Reply